The spectacular economic growth experienced by the Republic of Equatorial Guinea in recent years, thanks mainly to the production of oil, has allowed, among other aspects, the creation of some infrastructures that are unique in all of Africa.
The principal objective of the Government when carrying out this titanic reconstruction work is to give the country the tools necessary to diversify the economy and to allow it, in the future, not to depend exclusively on oil. To accomplish this, the Government has more than 800 construction projects of all types that will, among other things, allow promoting tourism in the country.
The creation of highways, airports, ocean ports, water and electricity installations, etc. is not only basic for improving the life of the population, but also for guaranteeing the arrival of the visitors.
Possibly, at this time Equatorial Guinea is the African State with the best roadway infrastructures in its overall territory. New and modern highways link the country’s most important cities together and reach the most remote villages. Hence, gigantic and modern bridges have been built, such as the one of the Ela Nguema-Riaba route in the eastern part of Bioko Island and that of the river Tambabe. At present the Bata-Mbini divided highway is being built, that will go from the continental capital and end in the coast, and that will include the longest and highest bridge of Sub-Saharan Africa. In addition, a 27 kilometer bypass is also planned which will divide the road from Bata.
The expansions of the Malabo and Bata airports have for years been one of the priority objectives of the Government, and they will be given a new surface area and greater technology. Furthermore, in the center of the continental area the new airport of Mongomeyen is being built, which will bring air traffic closer to the most inland cities of the country, such as Mongomo or Evinayong, among others.
The country’s ports are also being constructed from top to bottom, especially now that the transport of oil, heavy machinery and other merchandise require a much greater area. The Port of Malabo, which is almost finished, will be the first large deep-water port of this area, and a strategic and first-rate communication point in the commerce of the future between Africa, South America, the Magreb and Europe.
Brand new cities
The profile of the cities is also changing daily in this gigantic process: among the most outstanding projects of the real estate sector, the new city of Malabo II can be highlighted. It already holds numerous administrative buildings as well as low-income housing. The area of Buena Esperanza is also formed by dozens of single-family homes for the same purpose. Currently there are new schools, health centers, as well as transportation, stores and service centers which are planned to complement the new city.
In Bata, along with the neighborhoods of low-income housing or the magnificent Esplanade that is several kilometers in length and that continues being expanded at present, one must highlight the new Hospital La Paz, which currently is one of the most advanced clinical centers of Africa. In Evinayong, the asphalted pavement of new highways, the new low-income housing, the remodeling of the Hospital Bonifacio Ondu Edu, the Cathedral of San Jose, etc. have just been inaugurated. In Malabo, besides the renewed appearance of the streets, the enormous public school and the water purification center stand out. And this continues throughout the country.
Water and electricity for all
At any rate, the largest job that is being carried out at present in the Equatorial Guinean territory is the construction of the large hydraulic power plant in Djibloho, next to the city of Añisok, with capacity for 120 megawatts of power, and which will even distribute electrical energy to the entire national area, and even export it to countries like Gabon and Cameroon.
The overall electrical supply will be complemented with running water for the entire population when the large constructions are finished that are being carried out in Malabo and Bata, as well as the drinking water installations such as that which already operates in Mongomo.
Prepared for great events
The initiatives of Equatorial Guinea will be consolidated with two great events that will be held here: the summit of the African Union in 2011, and the Cup of Africa. The Government expects that both events will reflect all the advances of the country. To do so, the appropriate means are also being prepared. Both Malabo and Bata already have two very modern and well-equipped soccer stadiums. But in addition, many other buildings, hotels and infrastructures are prepared to property tend the thousands of visitors that are expected in both events.
Taking care of the environment
Finally, the creation of so many and such enormous constructions could not have been done without paying proper attention to the environment. The preservation of the large forests that form the greatest treasure of Equatorial Guinea has been another of the great institutional concerns. Therefore, the Government of Equatorial Guinea, together with the PNUD and the Global Environment Fund, recently signed a project for the management and protection of the soil and forests of the country. More than 90,000 U.S. dollars will be invested in the execution of this Sustainable Soil and Forest Management project.